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Mung & Mash in Pakistan / مونگ ماش کی کاشت

Literature by: Mung & Mash in Pakistan / مونگ ماش کی کاشت, Government of the Punjab, Agriculture Department, Pakistan

Mung Mash Production Technology

Description of Mung Mash Crops

  • Annual legume crop
  • Protein rich cereal
  • Originated from India
  • Cultivated in dry and intermediate zones of Punjab

Best Varieties of Mung Crop:

  1. PRI-Mung-2018
  2. Azri Mung-2021
  3. Azri Mung-2018
  4. NM Mung-2016
  5. Niab Mung-2011
  6. Niab Mung-06
  7. Azri Mung-06

Best Varieties of Mash Crops

  • Mash-97
  • Arooj-2011
  • NARC Mash-3
  • Chakwal Mash

Soil Selection for the Mung Mash Crop

  • Best: Sandy Loam Soil
  • Sandy and Heavy Loam Soil
  • Saline Soil, not fit for cultivation.

Sowing Time & Climte Required for Mung Mash

  • SPRING & SUMMER
  • Need: Warm climate 28-35 °C
  • Spring Sowing Mung: 15 Feb-15 March
  • Spring Sowing Mash: 15 Mar to 31 March
  • Summer season Mung; Thall Region: Planting Time 1-15 June
  • Irrigated Areas Mung: 15th June – 7th July
  • Kharif Sowing Mash: 1st to 31st July

Sowing Method

  • Irrigating the field after harvesting wheat
  • Land Preparation at “Wattar” Condition (optimum moisture level)
  • Drilling of Mung bean in lines @ 10-12 Kg/acre
  • Row to row distance is maintained as 1 foot
  • Application of Pre-Emergence Weedicide like Pendimethalin
  • Mash Seed rate is 8-10 kg per acre
  • Mash Plant Population should be 160000 to 180000 plants per acre
  • For Mash RxR distance is 1 foot and PxP distance is 10 cm

Weeds Management in Mung Mash

  • Losses 10-50 % are observed due to weeds
    Hoeing is best method to control
  • Keep the crop free of weeds
    First 6 weeks from seedling emergence are important
    Before application of top dressing, weeding should be done
    If there are more weeds regular weeding/suitable Post Emergence Weedicide should be practiced in 2 weeks interval
  • Use Post Emergence weedicides for Broad & Narrow leaves like Conquest, Fomesafen, Percept and Quizalofop

Fertilizer Application

  • Basal dressing :
  • Apply and incorporate in to the soil before sowing
  • DAP 1/ NP1½ / SSP 2 Bags/Acre along with SOP/MOP 1 Bag/Acre
  • Top dressing :
  • Apply at flowering (about 30 days after sowing)
  • Urea 1 Bag/Acre

Irrigation

  • Critical Stages:
  • Sufficient moisture is essential during
  • germination
  • flowering                    
  • seed filling stages / pod formation  
  • Irrigation should be done according to requirement/need
  • At Pod Maturing Stage: water supply should be cut down

Harvesting

  • Maturity period should coincide with the dry whether condition for high yield and quality seeds
  • Harvesting is done when 80-90% of the pods have reached physiological maturity stage/Turn Brown
  • Mechanical Harvesting through Combine Harvester
  • Finally seeds are winnowed to separate the chaff
  • Dried under sun

Post Harvest

  • Moisture content of seeds should not be above 13% at storage
  • Seeds are mixed with ash or sand to protect from storage pests/
  • Fumigate the Seed to protect from storage pests
  • Stored in gunny bags and kept in clean, ventilated place

Major Diseases in Mung Mash

  • Mung bean yellow mosaic virus
  • Powdery mildew
  • Bacterial blight
  • Anthracnose
  • Cercospora leaf spot

Insects / Pests in Mung Mash

  • Aphid
  • Termite
  • White Fly
  • Pod Borer
  • Pod borer
  • Beetles
  • Whitefly
  • Foliage beetle – Bean flies
  • Aphids – Pod sucking bug

Literature: Mung Mash ki Kasht, ZTBL, Pakistan

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