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Matar ki Kasht | Peas in Pakistan | مٹر کی کاشت

Source Literature: Matar ki Kasht | Peas in Pakistan | مٹر کی کاشت, Government of the Punjab, Agriculture Department, Pakistan

PEAS CULTIVATION IN PAKISTAN– مٹر کی کاشت | Matar ki Kasht

SOWING SEASONS IN PAKISTAN

  • PUNJAB
  • Early Crop
    • Sowing = Sep-Oct
    • Harvesting = Nov-Dec
  • Mid Season Crop
    • Sowing = Oct-Nov
    • Harvesting = Jan-Apr
  • Core Areas
    • Faisalabad, T.T.Singh, Sahiwal, Gujranwala
  • BALOCHISTAN
  • Normal Crop
    • Sowing = April-May
    • Harvesting = May-June
  • Core Areas
    • Ziarat
    • Loralai
  • KPK
  • Normal Crop
    • Sowing = May-June
    • Harvesting = Jun-august
  • Core Areas
    • Bata kundi
    • Khagan
    • Babusar Top

MAJOR VARIETIES

  1. Supreme
  2. Sarsabz
  3. Pea -2009
  4. Meteor
  5. Climax Improved

CLIMATE REQUIRED FOR THE CROP

  • Peas grow best in cooler weather
  • They can be planted early in the spring and late in the summer, depending on climate.
  • Peas grow well in moderate climate with temperature range 15ОC – 28ОC.
  • If temperature exceeds 30ОC then plant becomes susceptible to root rot disease.

SOIL

  • Peas love fertile soil having proper water sanitation system
  • Alkaline saline soil & poor drainage soils are not good for it
  • PH 6 to 7

SOWING METHODS FOR PEAS | Matar ki kasht

  • Early
    • Peas seed is sown on both sides of 75 cm wide beds
    • Keeping  plant to plant distance 5 cm with seed depth of 2 – 3 cm
  • Normal
    • Peas seed is sown on both sides of 1.0 – 1.5 m wide beds
    • Keeping  plant to plant distance 8-10cm with seed depth of 2 – 3 cm
  • Sowing time for early crop
    • Last week of September to 2nd  week of October
  • Sowing time for mid/ late crop
    •  Last week of October to 2nd week of November
  • Sowing time for seed crop
    • Last week of October to 2nd week of November

Seed Rate

  • Healthy seed @ 25 – 30 Kg/acre for early season crop
  • Healthy seed @ 20-25Kg/acre for mid/late season crop

Weeds

  • Usually weeds like Karund, Bathu, Itsit, Jangli Palak, Maina, Senji, Laili, Pyazi and Dhela grow in the field of peas
  • Use of Stamp/Pendi methyline @ 1.5 liter / acre or Dual gold @ 800 cc / acre can eradicate the weeds.
  • weedicides are more effective when used just after the sowing in wet conditions.
  • In order to keep  maintain the desirable soil structure 2-3 hoeing should be done

Fertilizer

  • The fertilizer dose depends upon the fertility and amount of organic matter available in soil.
  • To improve the organic matter in the soil, add 10 – 12 tonnes/acre of farm yard manure in field during land preparation.
  • Apply DAP 100 kg, SOP 50 kg at sowing time.
  • Applied 50 kg urea at flowering stage for optimum yield production.

Harvesting

  • Picking of green pods should be conducted at the time when pods are filled with grains
  • Normally, two pickings from early peas and three pickings from mid season peas are taken
  • During pickings, plants should be handled carefully to avoid any kind of damage.
  • For local markets picking may be carried out early in the morning
  • For distant markets it can be taken a day before in the evening
  • Keep the harvest in clean cloth bags to maintain its quality

Diseases

  • Root Rot
    • Roots are pinched off and rotted
    • Reddish brown streaks form in the primary and secondary roots and later merge.
    • Firstly lower leaves dry and then whole plant dies.
  • Control
    • Seed treatment with  recommended fungicide before sowing
    • Always follow the crop rotation to avoid the soil borne pathogens.
    •  Use resistant cultivars 
    • Sowing should be done at low temperature

  • Powdery Mildew
    • Discolored patches from which a powder mass radiates appeared on both surfaces of leaves
    • These patches then appear on tendrils, pods and stem
    • Ultimately disease is recognized by white powdery coating on all over the plant that contains numerous conidia produced by the fungus
  • Control
    • Spray the crop with recommended fungicide at the appearance of disease
    • Always follow the crop rotation
    • Use resistant cultivars 

Control of Pests

  • Aphid
    • Avoid growing alternative host plants
    • Use recommended pesticides
    • Infested crops should be destroyed immediately after harvest to prevent excessive dispersal,
  • Jassid
    • Avoid growing alternative host plants
    • Use recommended pesticides
    • Infested crops should be destroyed immediately after harvest to prevent excessive dispersal,
  • Leaf Miner
    • Avoid growing alternative host plants
    • Use recommended pesticides
    • Remove all plant debris and weeds
    • Crop rotation is an effective pest management tool.
  • American Worm
    • Avoid growing alternative host plants
    • Use recommended pesticide
    • Crop rotation is an effective pest management tool
    • Use pheromone traps for monitoring.

Source Literature: Matar ki Kasht | Peas in Pakistan | مٹر کی کاشت ZTBL, Pakistan

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